World Oilfield Forum

Cutting slip velocity is velocity of cutting that naturally falls down due to its density. In order to effectively clean the hole, effect of mud flow upward direction and mud properties must be greater than cutting slip velocity (settling tendency of cuttings). Otherwise, cutting will fall down and create cutting bed.

You can learn more detail about it via this topic -> Cutting Slip Velocity

This calculation will show annular velocity, cutting slip velocity and net velocity so you can use as a reference for you hole cleaning indication. There are 2 calculation methods and I will show the first method via this topic.

**1. Determine annular velocity with following equation:**

Where;

AV is annular velocity in ft/min.

Q is flow rate in gpm (gallon per minute).

Dh is diameter of hole in inch.

Dp is diameter of drill pipe in inch.

**2. Determine cutting slip velocity with following equation:**

Where; Vs is cutting slip velocity in ft/min.

PV is plastic viscosity in centi-poise.

MW is mud weight in ppg.

Dp is diameter of cutting in inch.

DenP is cutting density in ppg.

**3. Determine net rise velocity with following equation:**

**Net rise velocity = AV – Vs**

Where; AV is annular velocity in ft/min.

Vs Cutting Velocity in ft/min.

This figure indicates that cuttings are being lifted by mud or are still falling down. If **net rise velocity** is **positive**, it means that you have **good flow rate which can carry cutting in the wellbore.**

On the other hand,If **net rise velocity** is **negative**, **your current flow rate is NOT engough to carry cutting**s.

**Example:** Please use the following information to determine annular velocity, cutting slip velocity, net rise velocity, and tell us if the flow rate is good for hole cleaning.

Information

Flow rate = 300 gpm

Hole Diameter = 6.3 inch

Drillpipe OD = 4 inch

PV = 15 cps

MW = 10 ppg

Diameter of cutting = 0.20 inch

Density of cutting = 20.0 ppg

**1. Determine annular velocity:**

AV = 310.3 ft/min

**2. Determine cutting slip velocity:**

Vs = 35.4 ft/min

**3. Determine net rise velocity with following equation:**

**Net rise velocity = AV – Vs** Net rise velocity = 310.3 – 35.4 = 274.9 ft/min

**Conclusion:** This flow rate is GOOD for hole cleaning practice because annular velocity is more than cutting slip velocity.

**If you are interested in the spread sheet from this topic, please download from this site, Drilling Formula Calculation Sheet.**

**Reference from: drilling formulas**

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